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          Toronto Notes 2021 Contributors

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          PRIMARY

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          MEDICINE

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          SURGERY

          Associate Editors
          Amrit Sampalli
          Ryan Wang

          EBM Editors
          Akshdeep Bhatia
          Natalie Landon-Brace

          Chapter Editors

          Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine
          Zainab Doleeb
          Moiz Mikail
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          Anesthesia
          Dong An
          Sylvie Bowden
          Isabelle Laksono
          Ryan Ramos

          Clinil Pharmacology
          Sarfraz Gill
          thy Huilin Lu
          Sheza Qayyum

          Dermatology
          Na-Young Cindy Kang
          Matthew Ladda
          Khalad Maliyar

          Emergency Medicine
          Kiran Grant
          Arshia Pedram Javidan
          Jason CS Kwan
          Natalie Paolucci

          Family Medicine
          Bryce Chen
          Ingrid Cheung
          Tiffany Got
          Moni Shah

          Medil Genetics
          Andrew Assatory
          Kelly Dong

          Medil Imaging
          Chaitanya Bhatt
          Keshav Narang
          Taryn Rohringer

          Paediatrics
          Kristen Dietrich
          Brian Earl
          Taaha Muhammad
          Jacqui van Warmerdam

          Palliative Medicine
          Airiss Chan
          Kristen Dietrich
          Kiran Grant
          Verina Hanna
          Valerie Kim
          Sheida Naderi-Azad
          Moni Shah
          Donald Wang

          Psychiatry
          Ayan Dey
          Meera Mahendiran
          Fiona Moloney

          Public Health and Preventive Medicine
          Zainab Doleeb
          Stephanie Hosang
          Chantal Phillips

          rdiology and rdiac Surgery
          David Bobrowski
          Sagar Patel
          Amr Saleh
          Klaudiusz Stoklosa

          Endocrinology
          Armin Farahvash
          Ghazal Haddad
          Alice Zhu

          Gastroenterology
          Christina Blagojevic
          Airiss Chan
          Jennifer Zheng

          Geriatric Medicine
          Emily Chen
          Kimberley Lau
          David Wiercigroch

          Hematology
          Zachary Blatman
          Sara Mirali
          Natalya O'Neill

          Infectious Diseases
          Monisha Basu
          Michelle Lee
          Sabrina Yeung

          Nephrology
          Karan Chohan
          Savar Kaul
          Aneesh Thakore

          Neurology
          Laavanya Dharmakulaseelan
          Megan Hird
          Jenny Liao

          Respirology
          Krish Bilimoria
          Reza Fakhraei
          Ortenc Hoxha

          Rheumatology
          Onella Charles
          Nathalie Loeb
          meron Taheri

          General and Thoracic Surgery
          Melanie Elhafid
          Sina Hadipour-Lakmehsari
          Darby Little
          Andreea Matei

          Gynaecology
          Isabella Fan
          Lyn (Xinglin) Li
          Melissa Tigert
          Eliya (Zi Ying) Zhao

          Neurosurgery
          Sara Ahmed
          Anders Erickson
          Sydney McQueen

          Obstetrics
          Susan Dong
          Julia Hollingsworth
          Abirami Kirubarajan

          Ophthalmology
          Yusuf Ahmed
          Avi Garg
          Prem Nichani
          Bryan Wong

          Orthopaedics
          Sofia Solar faggi
          Anser Daud
          Emmanuel Igbokwe
          Geoffrey Schemitsch

          Otolaryngology
          YiQin Cheng
          Christopher End
          Christina (Joo Hyun) Kim
          Gianlu Sampieri

          Plastic Surgery
          Shawn Khan
          Mithila Somasundaram
          Janakan Somasundaram

          Urology
          Adam Bobrowski
          Christina Ding

          Vascular Surgery
          Shane Natalwalla
          Lyon Qiao

          Copy Editors

          Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine
          Dakoda Herman
          Iris Kim
          Stephanie Schwindt
          Katie Wilkins

          Anesthesia
          Linor Berezin
          Clemence Cote
          Emanuel Mastrangelo

          Clinil Pharmacology
          Monish Ahluwalia
          Kathak Vachhani

          Dermatology
          Maria Leis
          Seiwon Park
          Ashmita Singh
          Evan Tang

          Emergency Medicine
          Danielle Lewis
          Ming K. Li
          Kenneth Williams
          Hanyan Zou

          Family Medicine
          Stephanie Hosang
          Brendan Kelly
          Danny Ma
          Lauren Wintraub

          Medil Genetics
          Nicholas Light
          Joanna Yang

          Medil Imaging
          Thomas Chang
          Sabrina Fitzgerald
          Mana Modares

          Paediatrics
          Yousuf Ahmed
          Anna Jiang
          Benjamin Martinez
          Ananya Srivastava

          Palliative Medicine
          Maleeha A. Qazi
          Grace Xu

          Psychiatry
          Ruth Chau
          Jeanette Hui
          Jackie Tsang
          Mary Xie

          Public Health and Preventive Medicine
          Mallory Jackman
          Andrew Terence Lam
          Max Solish
          Mithila Somasundaram

          rdiology and rdiac Surgery
          Ahmed Abdelaal
          Nitish Dhingra
          Steven Mejia
          Clara Osei-Yeboah

          Endocrinology
          Moni Boctor
          Irakli Dzneladze
          Lindsey Hatcher
          Christine Wu

          Gastroenterology
          Hifza Buhari
          Kyung Young Kim
          Alicia Serrano
          Jack Su

          Geriatric Medicine
          Dorothy Qian
          Charles Brian Serapio

          Hematology
          Justin Brunet
          Reid Gallant
          Rohit Jogendran
          Yici (Andrea) Liu

          Infectious Diseases
          Arnav Agarwal
          Kevin Jia Qi Chen
          Andreea Damian
          Adrian Witol

          Nephrology
          Peter Nakhla
          Nawazish Naqvi

          Neurology
          Sabrina mpbell
          Mythili Nair
          Kaylee Sohng
          Edwin Wong

          Respirology
          Emily DeHaas
          Arjuna Maharaj
          Nicholas Taylor

          Rheumatology
          Tao Chan
          Dario Ferri
          Deepanshu Sharma

          General and Thoracic Surgery
          Anisha Akhtar
          Flora Jung
          Shawn Khan
          Ayesha Tasneem

          Gynaecology
          Alessandra Ceccci
          ra Elliott
          therine Meng
          Ronak Saluja

          Neurosurgery
          Dan Budiansky
          Zaid Salaheen
          Raza Syed
          Hoyee Wan

          Obstetrics
          Zainab Doleeb
          Justin Lim
          Karly Stratos
          Wei (Sheila) Yu

          Ophthalmology
          Yuri Chaban
          Arjan Dhoot
          Yuliya Lytvyn
          Felicia Tai

          Orthopaedics
          Robert Koucheki
          Janakan Somasundaram
          Jane Zhu

          Otolaryngology
          Arshia Eshtiaghi
          Mark Khoury
          Justin Lu

          Plastic Surgery
          Matthew rr
          Justin Haas
          Golsa Shafa
          Jessi Trac

          Urology
          Adree Khondker
          Xinran Liu
          Xin Xu

          Vascular Surgery
          Lina Elfaki
          Raumil Patel

          All contributing professors have been appointed at the University of Toronto.

          PRIMARY

          Ethil, Legal, and Organizational Medicine

          Erika Abner, LLB, LLM, PhD
          Faculty Lead, Ethics and Professionalism
          Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
          Undergraduate Medil Edution

          Andria Bianchi, PhD
          University Health Network
          Dalla Lana School of Public Health
          University of Toronto

          Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
          Department of Family and Community Medicine
          University of Toronto

          Jason J Pennington, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Division of General Surgery
          Department of Surgery
          Srborough Health Network

          Lisa Richardson, MD, MA, FRCPC
          Division of General Internal Medicine
          Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          Anesthesia

          Ahtsham Niazi, MBBS, FRCSI, FRCPC
          Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management
          University Health Network

          Anita Sarmah, MBChB, MD, FR, FRCPC
          Department of Anaesthesia
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
          Programme Director, UME Anesthesia
          University of Toronto

          Diana Tamir, MD, FRCPC
          Staff Anesthesiologist, Toronto General Hospital
          Clinil Director of the Acute Pain Service
          Postgrad Anesthesia Site Assistant Coordinator
          Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management
          Toronto General Hospital

          Clinil Pharmacology

          David Juurlink, BPhm, MD, PhD, FRCPC
          Division of Clinil Pharmacology and Toxicology, Departments of Medicine and Paediatrics
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Cindy Woodland, PhD
          Associate Professor, Teaching Stream
          Director, Collaborative Specialization in Biomedil Toxicology
          Director, Applied Clinil Pharmacology Program

          Dermatology

          David Adam, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Patrick Fleming, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FAAD, FCDA
          Assistant Professor, Division of Dermatology
          Dermatologist, Lynde Institute for Dermatology
          Investigator, Probity Medil Research

          Marissa Joseph, MD, MScCH, FRCPC, FRCPC
          Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
          Women’s College Hospital and The Hospital for Sick Children

          Jensen Yeung, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine
          Women’s College Hospital

          Emergency Medicine

          Mark Freedman, BSc, MD, FRCPC
          Department of Emergency Medicine
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Nadia Primiani, MD, CCFP(EM)
          Department of Emergency Medicine
          Sinai Health System

          Fernando Teixeira, MD, FRCPC
          Department of Emergency Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Family Medicine

          Ruby Alvi, MD, CCFP, MHSc
          Department of Family and Community Medicine

          Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
          Department of Family and Community Medicine
          University of Toronto

          Azadeh Moaveni, MD, CCFP, FCFP
          Department of Family and Community Medicine
          University Health Network
          Toronto Western Hospital

          Medil Genetics

          Hanna Faghfoury, MDCM, FRCPC, FCCMG
          The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
          Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

          Graeme AM Nimmo, MBBS, MSc, FRCPC
          The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
          Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

          Joyce So, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FCCMG
          The Fred A Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine
          Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network

          Medil Imaging

          Nasir Jaffer, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Medil Imaging
          Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network
          Joint Department of Medil Imaging
          University of Toronto

          John Kavanagh, MD, FRCPC
          Division of rdiothoracic Imaging, Department of Medil Imaging
          Joint Department of Medil Imaging
          University of Toronto

          Kieran Murphy, MB, FRCPC, FSIR
          Interventional Neuroradiology,
          Professor of Medil Imaging

          Eugene Yu, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medil Imaging
          University Health Network

          Paediatrics

          Julie Johnstone, MD (FRCPC), MScCH
          Division of Paediatric Medicine, Department of Paediatrics
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Laila Premji, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Paediatric Medicine, Department of Paediatrics
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Angela Punnett MD FRCPC
          Division of Haematology/Oncology, Department of Paediatrics
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Shazeen Suleman, MSc, MD, MPH (FRCPC)
          Women and Children's Health
          St. Michael's Hospital
          Unity Health Toronto

          Palliative Medicine

          Risa Bordman, MD, CCFP(PC), FCFP
          Associate Professor
          Faculty Development Program Lead, Office of Edution Scholarship
          Co-chair Edution Committee, Division of Palliative re
          Department of Family & Community Medicine

          Adam Rapoport, MD, FRCPC, MHSc
          Departments of Paediatrics and Family & Community Medicine
          University of Toronto
          Paediatric Advanced re Team, SickKids
          Emily's House Children's Hospice

          Donna Spaner, MD, CCFP(PC), FCFP, MScCH
          Division of Palliative re, Department of Family and Community Medicine
          Toronto Grace Health Centre

          Psychiatry

          Saulo stel, MD, PhD, FRCPC
          Director, Inpatient Services
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
          Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry

          Ellen Margolese, LLB, MD, FRCP(C)
          Assistant Professor
          Undergraduate Edution Coordinator
          Staff Psychiatrist?
          Mount Sinai Hospital

          Mary Preisman, MD, FRCPC
          Department of Psychiatry
          Mount Sinai Hospital

          Public Health and Preventive Medicine

          Chase Everett McMurren, BA, BEd, MD, CCFP
          Department of Family and Community Medicine
          University of Toronto

          Onye Nnorom, MDCM, CCFP, MPH, FRCPC
          Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
          Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto

          Jason J Pennington, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Division of General Surgery
          Department of Surgery
          Srborough Health Network

          Andrew Pinto, BSc, MD, CCFP, FRCPC, MSc
          Department of Family and Community Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital
          Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto
          Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

          Lisa Richardson, MD, MA, FRCPC
          Division of General Internal Medicine
          Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          MEDICINE

          rdiology and rdiac Surgery

          Chi-Ming Chow, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of rdiology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Paul Dorian, MD, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of rdiology
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Jacob A. Udell, MD, MPH, FRCPC
          Division of rdiology, Department of Medicine
          Women's College Hospital and Toronto General Hospital
          University of Toronto

          Bobby Yanagawa, MD, PhD, FRCSC
          Division of rdiac Surgery
          St Michael’s Hospital

          Endocrinology

          Karen Gomez-Hernandez, MD, MSc
          Department of Endocrinology
          University Health Network Mount Sinai Hospital

          Geetha Mukerji, MD, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of Endocrinology
          Women’s College Hospital

          Phillip Segal, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Endocrinology
          University Health Network

          Gastroenterology

          Maria Cino, BSc(Hon), MSc, MD, FRCPC, GF
          Division of Gastroenterology
          University Health Network, Toronto Western Division
          Associate Professor, University of Toronto

          Nicola L. Jones, MD, FRCPC, PhD
          Department of Paediatrics
          Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Gabor Kandel, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Piero Tartaro, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
          Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Geriatric Medicine

          Vicky Chau, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
          Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
          Sinai Health System

          Karen D’Silva, MD, MS, FRCPC
          Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
          St Michael’s Hospital

          Dan Liberman, MD, MScCH, FRCPC
          Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          Thiru Yogaparan, MD, FRCP
          Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine,
          Baycrest Health Sciences

          Hematology

          Gloria Lim, MD, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Martina Trinkaus, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Richard Wells, MD, DPhil, FRCPC
          Division of Medil Oncology and Hematology, Department of Medicine
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Infectious Diseases

          Andrea K. Boggild, BSc, MSc, MD, FRCPC
          Tropil Disease Unit, Toronto General Hospital
          Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network
          Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
          Institute of Medil Science, University of Toronto

          Paul Bunce, BSc, MA, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          Susan M. Poutanen, MD, MPH, FRCPC
          Department of Microbiology,
          University Health Network & Sinai Health
          Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine
          University Health Network & Mount Sinai Hospital

          Nephrology

          Damien Noone, MB BCh BAO, MSc
          Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Gemini Tanna, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Alireza Zahirieh, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Nephrology
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Neurology

          Lorraine Kalia, MD, PhD, FRCPC
          Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          Charles D. Kassardjian, MD, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael's Hospital

          Mahendra Moharir, MD, MSc, FRACP
          Staff Neurologist
          Division of Neurology, Department of Paediatrics
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Respirology

          Lee Fidler, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Respirology
          Sunnybrook Health Science Centre

          Samir Gupta, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
          Unity Health Toronto

          Andrew Kouri, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Christopher Li, MD, FRCPC, DABSM
          Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine
          St. Michael’s Hospital, Unity Health Toronto

          Rheumatology

          Arthur Bookman, MD, FRCPC
          Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
          University Health Network

          Shirley Lake, MD, FRCPC, MSc (QIPS)
          Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Medha L. Soowamber, MD, MSc, FRCPC
          Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine
          Mount Sinai Hospital

          SURGERY

          General and Thoracic Surgery

          Abdollah Behzadi, MD, MBA, FRCSC, FACS
          Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery
          Trillium Health Partners, University of Toronto

          Laura Donahoe, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery
          Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network

          Jesse Pasternak, MD, MPH, FRCSC
          Department of General Surgery
          University Health Network

          Fayez Quereshy, MD, MBA, FRCSC
          Department of General Surgery
          University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

          Gynaecology

          Colleen McDermott, MSc, MD, FRCSC
          Division of Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
          Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
          Mount Sinai Hospital

          Danielle Vicus, MD, FRCSC, MSc
          Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Fay Weisberg, MD, FRCSC
          Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
          University of Toronto

          Neurosurgery

          Sunit Das, MD, PhD
          Division of Neurosurgery
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Eric M. Massicotte, MD, MSc, MBA, FRCSC
          Associate Professor University of Toronto
          Staff Neurosurgeon, University Health Network
          Director of Undergraduate Edution for Neurosurgery
          Medil Director, Back & Neck Program Altum Health

          Obstetrics

          Rohan D'Souza, MD, PhD, FRCOG, FCPS, MBBS, MSc, DNB, DGO, DFP
          Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
          Mount Sinai Hospital

          Richard Pittini, MD, MEd, FRCSC, FACOG
          Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Ophthalmology

          Asim Ali, MD, FRCSC
          Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences
          The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto

          Wai-Ching Lam, MD, FRCSC
          Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science
          University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

          Marisa Sit, MD, FRCSC
          Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences
          University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital

          Orthopaedics

          Jeremy Hall, MD, FRCSC
          Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Paul Kuzyk, MD, MASc, FRCSC
          Assistant Professor
          Lower Extremity Reconstruction Surgery
          Division of Orthopaedic Surgery

          Sarah Ward BSc, MLA, MD, MSc
          Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Jesse Wolfstadt, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Granovsky Gluskin Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery
          Sinai Health System

          Otolaryngology

          Jonathan Irish, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
          University Health Network

          Evan Propst, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
          The Hospital for Sick Children

          Plastic Surgery

          Siba Haykal, MD, PhD, FRCSC
          Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery
          University Health Network

          Melinda Musgrave, MD, PhD, FRCSC
          Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery
          St. Michael’s Hospital

          Urology

          Sender Herschorn, BSc, MDCM, FRCSC
          Division of Urology, Department of Surgery
          Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

          Yonah Krakowsky, MD, FRCSC
          Division of Urology
          Women’s College & Mount Sinai Hospital

          Jason Lee, MD, MHPE, FRCSC
          Division of Urology, Department of Surgery
          University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital

          Vascular Surgery

          Elisa Greco, BSc, MEd, MD, RPVI, FRCSC
          Vascular Surgeon, St Michael’s Hospital

          George Oreopoulos, MD, MSc, FRCSC
          Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery
          University Health Network

           

          The following external contributors revised content related to Indigenous health and history.

          Erin Coates, MD
          Department of Pediatrics
          BC Children's Hospital

          Dr. ssandra Felske-Durksen, BSc, MD, CCFP
          Indigenous Wellness Clinic, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta
          Clinil Lecturer, University of Alberta
          Clinil Instructor, University of British Columbia

          Tibetha Kemble (Stonechild), BMgt, MEd, PhD (ndidate)
          Department of Edutional Policy Studies
          Faculty of Edution
          University of Alberta

          Bob Whiteduck Crawford
          Professor and Counsellor George Brown College
          Member of the Snimikobi First Nation
          Former Chief of the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation
          President of the Board, Native Earth Performing Arts

           

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